Skateboarding in Downtown Phoenix Project

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My STF challenge is that skateboarding is not accommodated in Downtown Phoenix. I know this to be true for two reasons. The first is that, according to the City of Phoenix Municipal codes 36-64, “ No motorized skateboard or motorized play vehicle may be operated on any public sidewalk, roadway, or any other part of a highway or on any bikeway, bicycle path or trail, equestrian trail, or shared-use path.” This means that skateboarding is illegal in and/or on any public space. The code continues on to say that skateboarding is also illegal on all lots that aren’t designated skateboarding areas.

One’s first thought may be “why don’t skaters just go to skateparks/designated skateboarding areas?”, which leads right into my second reason. Despite the fact that this seems like an easy solution, it is quite the opposite for many Downtown Phoenix skaters. The closest skatepark to Downtown Phoenix is Cesar Chavez park which is on 39th Avenue and Baseline, approximately 10 miles from Central and Washington.
So, Downtown Phoenix skaters don’t have any designated places to skate and are not allowed to skate in public. This means that they have two options: they can choose not to skate in downtown Phoenix, requiring them to give up what is a way of life for some; or, they can skate illegally. Because there is no better option, many skaters will go with the latter option, thus making criminals of innocent people trying to do what they love.

Why is it that skateboarding is illegal in Phoenix? Well, as hard as it is to say, there are several good reasons. The reason that I’ll start with is that skateboarding can heavily damage property. Many skateboarding tricks require obstacles such as ledges and rails. “Grinding” is when a skater slides along a ledge or rail with the metal axles on the bottom of their skateboard. Grinds can cause ledges and rails to crack, chip, and get worn down in various other ways.
Naturally, property owners do not usually want their property to get damaged, but unfortunately, skateboarding is a massive damage dealer.
Another reason is that skateboarding can be very disruptive. Riding down the street or sidewalk is very noisy by itself, but the sound increases significantly when doing tricks. Just about every trick in the book produces massive amounts of noise. In areas with other people, this can get very annoying and distract from other activities. Skaters may also get in the way of cars, pedestrians, and anything/anyone else passing by. This is not only annoying, but can endanger both skaters and surrounding people, which leads right into the next reason.
Skateboarding can be a very dangerous activity. Skaters may fall and hurt themselves. This is not only bad because skaters can get hurt, but also because the owner of the property in which an injury happens could be held responsible for the skaters actions. This means that skaters may have the option to sue an owner if they hurt themselves on the owner’s property. Passersby may also be injured by skaters. A board could slip out and hit someone walking down the street. Once again, this is bad because someone is being injured and because the property owner may be held responsible or sued for the actions of skaters.

Now that we’ve gotten the laws out of the way, why is it that there aren’t any designated skate spots in Downtown Phoenix? Well, there are a few reasons. Because of the size and density of Downtown Phoenix there aren’t many suitable lots for skateboarding. Many of the vacant lots either have stuff built on them or have plans to be built on. Almost all of the lots that are suitable for skateboarding have very high values because of the fact that they are in a growing metropolitan area, and are thus very expensive. Continue reading Skateboarding in Downtown Phoenix Project

Unit 4 Assessment: Telephone Innovation

The invention of the telephone is something that has had a large hand in making our world today. The first successful telephone call, by a man named Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, was the first step in creating something that is now looked at as a necessity.
Look around and you will notice, whether landline or cellular, almost everybody has a telephone. Telephones affect business, personal matters, and every other relation between humans. They are a direct result of the values of society.
Man has a natural desire for convenience, and telephones are a product of man’s desire for convenience. Telephones allow for multiple people to talk to each other instantaneously, whenever they want. Rather than writing a letter or going to someone directly, people can press a few buttons and then have full conversations from completely different parts of the world.
Imagine how hard it would be for people and businesses to share their expertise, products, services, thoughts, and everything else if telephones hadn’t been invented.

First math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.
First math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.

The concept of supply and demand alone has become significantly easier since the invention of telephones. If a business or person needs more supplies or products, they can simply call up the supplier and request more. Then, people can stay updated throughout every step of the process: delivery, shipping, creation, sales, etc. Without the invention of telephones, even your local corner stores would be completely different than what they are today. It may have taken weeks, if not months, for them to get your favorite bag of chips or preferred flavor of ice cream if they had to send a letter or request more in person.
As if finding a landline to call someone wasn’t convenient enough, humans went ahead and made mobile telephones using cellular services. The first mobile phone call was on April 3, 1973 by a man named Martin Cooper. The mobile phone allowed for people to now make calls in even more places! Rather than having to plug a wired telephone into a power source, people can simply pull out their phone in any place that had service and make phone calls. This evolved over time into the cell phones that we know today, one of the ultimate tools of convenience – and a direct reflection of the values of humans. Continue reading Unit 4 Assessment: Telephone Innovation