Unit 4 Assessment: Telephone Innovation

The invention of the telephone is something that has had a large hand in making our world today. The first successful telephone call, by a man named Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, was the first step in creating something that is now looked at as a necessity.
Look around and you will notice, whether landline or cellular, almost everybody has a telephone. Telephones affect business, personal matters, and every other relation between humans. They are a direct result of the values of society.
Man has a natural desire for convenience, and telephones are a product of man’s desire for convenience. Telephones allow for multiple people to talk to each other instantaneously, whenever they want. Rather than writing a letter or going to someone directly, people can press a few buttons and then have full conversations from completely different parts of the world.
Imagine how hard it would be for people and businesses to share their expertise, products, services, thoughts, and everything else if telephones hadn’t been invented.

First math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.
First math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.

The concept of supply and demand alone has become significantly easier since the invention of telephones. If a business or person needs more supplies or products, they can simply call up the supplier and request more. Then, people can stay updated throughout every step of the process: delivery, shipping, creation, sales, etc. Without the invention of telephones, even your local corner stores would be completely different than what they are today. It may have taken weeks, if not months, for them to get your favorite bag of chips or preferred flavor of ice cream if they had to send a letter or request more in person.
As if finding a landline to call someone wasn’t convenient enough, humans went ahead and made mobile telephones using cellular services. The first mobile phone call was on April 3, 1973 by a man named Martin Cooper. The mobile phone allowed for people to now make calls in even more places! Rather than having to plug a wired telephone into a power source, people can simply pull out their phone in any place that had service and make phone calls. This evolved over time into the cell phones that we know today, one of the ultimate tools of convenience – and a direct reflection of the values of humans.

As with almost every modern innovation, telephones rely quite heavily on petroleum. To start, telephone parts are constructed with many petroleum based products. Many older cell phones and landlines are made with plastic shells and cases. Even many modern day cell phones have plastics on the outside areas. On top of that, many people put optional, external plastic cases on their cellphones. Looking further in, even the circuitry and wiring is made with many petroleum based products. For example, the laminates on wires are made with plastics.
Phone calls only work because of cell towers and switches. Parts of these towers and switches use petroleum based products. The towers themselves don’t work without electricity, and all of the electricity used by them come from power plants. Many, although not all, of the world’s power plants use fossil fuel combustion. Without these fossil fuel power stations, the cell towers wouldn’t work, thus making telephones useless.
While on the topic of electricity, everything uses electricity generated from power plants. Making the telephones, charging cell phones (chargers are made with plastic too), and supplying power sockets are just a few examples of electricity requiring tasks.
On a much larger scale, constructing cell towers may require petroleum powered vehicles or tools. Of course, telephones won’t sell if people don’t know about them, so phone companies advertise their products. Without this step, phones wouldn’t sell as well and thus wouldn’t be as abundant in our lives. However, even advertising uses massive amounts of petroleum! Posters, billboards, banners, and print may all use plastics or petroleum based inks; TV and radio ad’s require electricity that is generated in fossil fuel combustion power plants.
We could go on forever listing every way that telephones rely on petroleum, but unfortunately, this piece does eventually have to come to an end. However, keep in mind that no matter how hard you try (at least with our modern technology), you can not use a telephone and escape petroleum usage simultaneously.

Second math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.
Second math component. The information in this photo is purely fictional.

In the future, there may be better alternatives for telephones that allow them to not rely as heavily on petroleum.
Every cell phone could have a built in solar charger so that they do not need electricity from petroleum power plants to charge. However, for this to be effective, we’d need switches, towers, phone factories, and everything else to rely on solar energy too. Without this, cell phones – whether directly or indirectly – would be relying on petroleum. Starting off a solar movement this big would initially require a lot of petroleum, but could eventually rely solely on itself and the sun.
The only running problem I can see with this would be the creation of materials. Many materials in telephones, switches, towers, and solar panels use petroleum based materials. Bioplastics are the only option I can foresee working. Thankfully, bioplastic companies do exist and will hopefully become so popular that we can divert to all plastics being .



Los personas llegaron a la tienda de teléfonos. Tocaron los teléfonos antes ellos compraron uno. Ellos pagaron con dinero Por los teléfonos.
Julieta buscó su niña pero no encontró lo. Ella llamó su niña con un teléfono y su niña respondiste. Si Julieta y su niña no tuvo teléfonos, Julieta no encontrar su niña.
Yo apague mi teléfono porque no quise lo a murió. Desafortunadamente, lo murió… Yo lloré y grité por nueva horas…




(Alexander Graham Bell. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from https://www.history.com/topics/inventions/alexander-graham-bell)

(Global Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. (2014, November 24). Retrieved December 13, 2015, from https://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/tre_glob.html)

(Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2010. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2010)

(Huff, E. (2010, January 30). Plant-Based Plastics to Replace Petroleum Plastics? Retrieved December 13, 2015, from https://www.naturalnews.com/028057_plastics_petroleum.html)

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